General civil liability insurance protects the business and its assets from the financial consequences of bodily injury, property damage or moral damage caused to a third party. It covers legal defence costs, compensation for damages and interests.
Four warranties are typically included in commercial general civil liability insurance:
Conditions and exclusions may apply depending on the scope of coverage.
A company may be held liable for various reasons. The risks to which a company is exposed are related to its activities, products and places of business. Here are a few examples.
Product: Use, manufacture and/or sale:
Work on a construction site, an industrial site, at a private home:
Place of business – damage to people visiting the land or building:
It’s important to determine in advance which events and risks are most likely the company may be held liable for by third parties. Risk management is a key tool that can help any organization in this process.
Know that it’s not always required that there be fault on the part of the impleaded company. Also, certain provisions of the Civil Code of Québec refer to strict liability to ensure that victims are better protected.
Additional insurance is available, as the insurance and coverage amounts being offered may not be sufficient. The nature of the business may require additional coverages. There are two other types of business insurance that can provide additional coverage to fill in the missing warranties.
What is a primary insurance policy?
The general civil liability contract is the primary insurance policy, which applies first. A company may have multiple insurance policies to cover the same loss. For example, a company takes out insurance to cover general civil liability and has additional umbrella civil liability insurance.
There are other types of business civil liability insurance. See the other contents of this section for details.