A collision: covered or not?

3 questions to help you find out if you are covered for an accident according to your insurance policy.

1. Is the collision or loss covered?

To find out, and depending on the loss incurred, you must check whether you’re covered under your policy.    

Civil liability: mandatory coverage

If you caused damaged to a third party, you’ll be covered since the law requires that all vehicle owners have at least $50,000 in liability coverage.    

Moreover, this coverage will also protect you for damage caused to your vehicle as a result of a collision for which you aren’t at fault, and to which the Direct Compensation Agreement applies.

Optional coverage

A number of other coverages are available to cover damage to your vehicle under other circumstances. Check the table below to see whether your policy covers you or not, depending on the coverage chosen and the loss incurred. 

Damage incurred

Coverage 1

All perils

Coverage 2

Perils of Collision or Upset

Coverage 3

Perils other than Collision or Upset

Coverage 4

Specified perils

At-fault collision with another vehicle

covered

covered

 

 

Collision with an animal or person

covered

covered

covered

 

Collision with an object (i.e., pole, hydrant)

covered

covered

 

 

Hit and run

covered

covered

 

 

Theft

covered

 

covered

covered

Vandalism

covered

 

covered

 

Water damage: water main break or sewer back-up

covered

 

covered

 

Water damage: rising water  

covered

 

covered

covered

Fire/ explosion

covered

 

covered

covered

Wind

covered

 

covered

covered

Hail

covered

 

covered

covered

Freezing rain

covered

 

covered

 

Earthquake

covered

 

covered

covered

 

2. Does my insurance policy cover the individual driving my car when the collision occured? 

All individuals who drive your vehicle are covered for civil liability for damage they may cause to others, whether they’re named in the policy or not. 

The damage to the vehicle itself will be covered provided you have the optional coverage required. 

But be careful! Occasional “regular” drivers must be registered under the policy. For example, your teenage daughter just got her driving licence and will now be driving your vehicle. You must inform your insurer. If you don’t, you risk being only partially (or not) indemnified in case of an accident. 

3. Does your policy cover the vehicle involved in the collision? 

The answer generally is yes, since the policy covers the vehicle mentioned in the section “Policy Conditions”.

However, did you know that any other vehicles you drive, but not listed under the policy, can also be covered by the policy under certain conditions?

Here are two examples:

The vehicle of which you have recently become the owner

This is a vehicle you just got to replace your old vehicle, or as a second vehicle. You’ll be insured for a period of 14 days after the purchase. However, the coverage of your “old” vehicle will apply to your new vehicle. So it’s important that you contact your insurer or broker to let him know about the change, since it’s possible the coverage may not be enough for your new vehicle, if it’s a new or more recent model1.

Temporary replacement vehicle

If you aren’t able to use the vehicle registered under your policy, your insurance policy could also cover a loaner vehicle, while yours is being repaired or replaced. This applies when your vehicle cannot be used for the following reasons: breakdown, repair, maintenance, loss, destruction, sale or servicing.

 

1 This covers only a policyholder who has one or more vehicles insured by the same insurer. 

 

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